How well do you know wales - an hf quiz

Snowdon from Llynau Mymbyr, near Capel Curig, Wales
Wales is the small package that good things come in. Geologically diverse and culturally rich, it is compact and accessible but offers myriad opportunities for escaping into nature. Strike out on mountain slopes, explore river valleys and stride along surf-battered cliffs to get a feel for this ancient land. But how well do you really know it? Take our quiz to see just how well you know this superb destination. If you're stuck and need a clue, simply click on the image to learn more. It's just-for-fun, so score yourself and see what sort of travel buff you are...
Question 1
St Davids Cathedral

We all know that Cardiff is the capital city of Wales, but which is the country's smallest city?

A) St Asaph
B) Bangor
C) St Davids
D) Newport

Click for Answer 1

C) St Davids

Named after the patron saint of Wales, Saint Davids is the smallest city in Wales and Britain, with a population of just over 1,600.

Question 2
Wales landscapes

'An area the size of Wales' is often used to measure things but which country is similar in size by landmass?

A) Bhutan
B) Israel
C) Montenegro
D) Costa Rica

Click for Answer 2

B) Israel

In geographic terms, Wales is one of the world's smallest countries, similar in size to Israel, Slovenia and El Salvador.

Question 3
Northern Snowdonia

Wales is full of beautiful landscapes but how many national parks are there in the country?

A) 2
B) 3
C) 4
D) 5

Click for Answer 3

B) 3

The three national parks, Snowdonia National Park, Brecon Beacons National Park and Pembrokeshire National Park cover around 20% of the country's landmass and five Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty

Question 4
Mount Snowdon

Mount Snowdon is famed as the highest peak in Wales but just how tall is it?

A) 978m
B) 1,085m
C) 1,345m
D) 1,692m

Click for Answer 4

B) 1,085m

Snowdon is the highest mountain in Wales and the highest point in the UK outside the Scottish Highlands - perhaps something is calling you to conquer the 1,085m peak?

Question 5
Carnedd Llewelyn

If Snowdon is king then which Welsh mountain takes the crown for being second highest?

A) Cader Idris
B) Glyder Fawr
C) Carnedd Llewelyn
D) Tryfan

Click for Answer 5

C) Carnedd Llewelyn

Named after Prince Llewelyn, Carnedd Llewelyn stands at 1,064m, pushing Glyder Fawr at 1,001m into third place.

Question 6
Pen y Fan

With lots of Wales' high peaks collected in the same area, which is the highest mountain outside Snowdonia?

A) Moel Siabod
B) Waun Fach
C) Y Llethr
D) Pen y Fan

Click for Answer 6

D) Pen y Fan

The highest mountain outside Snowdonia and the highest summit in South Wales and the Brecon Beacons, Pen y Fan tops out at 886m. It's also one of the Welsh Three Peaks.

Question 7
Cadair Idris

Wales is home to the famed Welsh 3,000s, mountains over 3,000 feet, but how many are there?

A) 14
B) 15
C) 16
D) 17

Click for Answer 7

B) 15

The Welsh 3000s are the 15 mountains in Wales that have a height of 3000 feet or more. Geographically they fall within three ranges: The Snowdon Massif , The Glyderau, and The Carneddau.

Question 8
Pembrokeshire Coast Path

What was the first long distance walk opened in Wales as a national trail, in 1970?

A) Glyndwr's Way
B) Ceredigion Way
C) Offa's Dyke Path
D) Pembrokeshire Coast Path

Click for Answer 8

D) Pembrokeshire Coast Path

The 186 mile coast path twists and turns its way along one of the most breathtaking coastlines in Britain, passing through landscapes rich in history too.

Question 9
Offa's Dyke Path

How many counties does Offa's Dyke Path pass through as it marks the England/Wales border?

A) 6
B) 7
C) 8
D) 9

Click for Answer 9

C) 8

The trail follows the impressive hand-dug bank and ditch built in the 8th century on the command of King Offa to divide Mercia from rival kingdoms in what is now Wales.

Question 10
Conwy Castle

Wales is full of historic castles, many built to keep the unruly Welsh in order, but how many are there?

A) 342
B) 487
C) 564
D) 641

Click for Answer 10

D) 641

There are 641 castles in Wales, more per square mile than anywhere else in the world. Some watch over mountain passes, while others keep an eye on the city traffic whizzing by; some lie in enigmatic ruins, while others still have families living in them.

Question 11
Brecon Beacons

As well as impressive peaks, in which national park can you find incredible cascades and waterfalls?

A) Brecon Beacons
B) Snowdonia
C) Black Mountains
D) Pembrokeshire

Click for Answer 11

A) Brecon Beacons

A corner of the Brecon Becons is stuffed full of fabulous cascades, earning it the nickname Waterfall Country.

Question 12
Bala Lake

At four miles long and over 40m deep, which is the largest natural lake in Wales?

A) Bala Lake
B) Lake Vymwy
C) Llyn Brenig
D) Nant y Moch

Click for Answer 12

A) Bala Lake

Bala Lake, like many of Snowdonia's lakes, was formed when a long, deep glacial valley became blocked by Ice Age debris. It's the largest lake in Wales, with its own Loch-Ness-style mythical monster!

Question 13
Great Little Trains Wales

Catching one of the historic Great Little Trains is a feature of many Welsh holidays but how many are there?

A) 5
B) 7
C) 11
D) 13

Click for Answer 13


There are 11 little railways that let you explore and experience the beautiful Welsh countryside. All aboard!

Question 14

Where in Wales would you find this curious, enchanting Italianate town?

A) Ffestiniog
B) Maesteg
C) Portmeirion
D) Crickhowell

Click for Answer 14

C) Portmeirion

Designed and built by Sir Clough Williams-Ellis between 1925 and 1975 in the style of an Italian village, Portmeirion is a unique place to visit. It also starred as The Village in the 1960s tv show The Prisoner.

Question 15
Harlech Castle

Can you identify this medieval castle, constructed on a spur of rock?

A) Pembroke Castle
B) Conwy Castle
C) Caernarfon Castle
D) Harlech Castle

Click for Answer 15

D) Harlech Castle

Located in the north-west of the country, Harlech Castle is set amidst awe-inspiring landscape. It was built by Edward I during his invasion of Wales between 1282 and 1289

Question 16

Which distinctive Welsh climb is this, with its iconic stegosaur-style ridged back?

A) Crib Goch
B) Tryfan
C) Nantlle Ridge
D) Bristly Ridge

Click for Answer 16

B) Tryfan

Tryfan is one of the most famous and recogniseable peaks in Britain, having a classic pointed shape and rugged crags.

Question 17
Snowdon Railway

If you caught this unique rack railway from Llanberis where would you be going?

A) Devil's Bridge
B) Bala Lake
C) Summit of Mt Snowdon
D) Porthmadog

Click for Answer 17

C) Summit of Mt Snowdon

The Snowdon Mountain Railway has been transporting visitors up to the summit of the highest mountain in England and Wales since 1896 - it's the perfect solution for those daunted by the physical challenge.

Question 18
Slate Mine Wales

This quarry near Blaenau Ffestiniog operated between 1812 and 1952 but what did it produce?

A) Coal
B) Slate
C) Iron
D) Copper

Click for Answer 18

B) Slate

At one time the mining town of Blaenau Ffestiniog was the second largest town in north Wales, behind only Wrexham. As the demand for slate declined, so its population began to dwindle.

Score Yourself

So, how did you do? There are no prizes so, just for fun, score yourself...

1-3: Ah, that's not great! Brush up on your knowledge and have another go!

4 - 6: Could do better...hmmm, you've got lot's to learn about Wales and it's wonderful walking routes. Guess you should start planning a trip...

7 - 10: Not bad but there's room for improvement and there are lots more places to discover so keep on exploring!

11 - 14: That's great, well done! You know lots about Wales, time now to get to grips with the last few.

15 - 18: Excellent, what a result! Great knowledge, you clearly know your stuff and are a travel pro.